Gametes (sperm and eggs) and embryos are seen by many as being different to other human tissue. This is because they have the potential to lead to human life. As such, issues arise regarding the storage of gametes and embryos, as well as their use and disposal.
For example, a person or couple may feel very strongly about embryos created for them during treatment. They may prefer to have them stored until they can be donated to another couple.
On the other hand, the storage and then subsequent use after many years of gametes or embryos may impact upon any child born as a result.
Gametes and embryos can generally only be stored for a certain period of time before they must be disposed of.
Ethical and legal requirements concerning the storage, use and disposal of gametes and embryos are further detailed below.
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||Assisted Reproductive Treatment Act 2008 (Vic) s 31(1).|
|2.||↑||Assisted Reproductive Treatment Act 2008 (Vic) ss 31(1)(b).|
|3.||↑||Assisted Reproductive Treatment Act 2008 (Vic) s 32(2)|
|4.||↑||Assisted Reproductive Treatment Act 2008 (Vic) s 33(2)(b)).|
|5.||↑||Assisted Reproductive Treatment Act 2008 (Vic) s 31(2).|
|6.||↑||Assisted Reproductive Technology Act 2007 (NSW) s 25.|
|7.||↑||Note the law was previously that a maximum period of 10 years applied, but the time limit was extend in January 2015. Assisted Reproductive Technology Regulation 2014 as amended by Assisted Reproductive Technology Amendment (Exemptions) Regulation 2015.|
|8.||↑||Western Australian, Human Reproductive Technology Directions, 30 November 2004, Published by authority of John A. Strijk, Government Printer, State of Western Australia, [6.5].|
|9.||↑||Human Reproductive Technology Act 1991 (WA) s 24(1).|
|10.||↑||Human Reproductive Technology Act 1991 (WA) s 24(1a).|
|11.||↑||Human Reproductive Technology Act 1991 (WA) s 26(2)(a)–(c).|
|12.||↑||National Health and Medical Research Council, Ethical Guidelines on the use of Assisted Reproductive Technology in Clinical Practice and Research (2017) [7.1].|